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Data-Intensive Scalable Computing Laboratory (DISCL)

BibTeX Format Description

A BibTeX entry consists of the type (the word after @), a citation-key( how to generate your key) and a number of tags which define various characteristics of the specific BibTeX entry. Among those tags can be for example: author, title, year, etc. Some tags are mandatory for certain types of BibTeX entries, some are optional.There is a set of standard-tags existing, which can be interpreted by BibTeX or third-party tools. Those which are unknown are ignored by BibTeX, thus can be used to store additional information without interfering with the final outcome of a document.


A BibTeX tag is specified by its name followed by an equals-sign and the content. The tag's name is not case-sensitive. The content needs to be enclosed by either curly braces or quotation-marks. Which form of enclosure is used is depending on the user's taste, and both can be applied together in a single BibTeX entry, but there is one difference between those two methods: When quotation-marks are used, string concatenation using # is possible, but not when braces are used.

Numbers can either be enclosed by braces or quotation-marks, but can stand alone. Tags are separated by commas; if not, the BibTeX parser will produce an error. The last tag can be finished with a comma, although not necessarily.

For example:

 author = {Shi, Xuanhua and Li, Ming and Liu, Wei and Jin, Hai and Yu, Chen and Chen, Yong},
 title = {SSDUP: A Traffic-aware Ssd Burst Buffer for HPC Systems},
 booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Conference on Supercomputing},
 series = {ICS '17},
 year = {2017},
 isbn = {978-1-4503-5020-4},
 location = {Chicago, Illinois},
 pages = {27:1--27:10},
 articleno = {27},
 numpages = {10},
 url = {},
 doi = {10.1145/3079079.3079087},
 acmid = {3079087},
 publisher = {ACM},
 address = {New York, NY, USA},
 keywords = {burst buffer, high performance computing, hybrid storage system, solid state drive},

TXT Format Description

A TXT entry consists of the names of authors, the paper name, the name of conference or journal, the pages and the date or location of the conference.